(Yicai Global) June 3 -- Almost four-fifths of Chinese cities at prefecture level or higher suffered from excessive air pollution last year, according to an environment ministry annual report.
Of the 338 cities, 265 were reported to have excessive air pollution, accounting for just over 78 percent of the total, according to the China Environment Report 2015 issued yesterday. Just 73 cities, almost 22 percent, met air quality targets.
The report reveals that on average, air quality that met standards was reported on about 280 days (76.7 percent) in those cities last year. Excessive pollution was reported on 85 days (23.3 percent) on average; light pollution on 58 days (15.9 percent); moderate pollution on 15 days (4.2 percent); heavy pollution on 9 days (2.5 percent); and severe pollution on 3 days (0.7 percent).
Compared with other forms of environmental contamination, air pollution is more pronounced and more widely known about in China. In June 2013, the State Council, the country's cabinet, introduced 10 air pollution prevention and control measures, including pollutant emissions reductions, public transport promotion and energy consumption restructuring.
Acid rain fell in about 108 cities (22.5 percent) of 480 cities (in districts and counties) last year, according to the report. The frequency of acid rain was 14 percent, and it was generally categorized as sulfuric acid rain.
The China Environment Report 2014 showed that of the 161 cities at prefecture level or above that were monitored, 145 suffered from excessive air pollution, accounting for 90.1 percent of the total. In 2014, of the 470 cities (in districts and counties) in which local rainfall was monitored and analyzed, acid rain was detected in about 207 (44.3 percent), while the frequency of acid rain was 17.4 percent, and was mostly caused by sulfates.