China's Caixin Manufacturing PMI Hits Three-Year Low
Tang Shihua
DATE:  Feb 01 2019
/ SOURCE:  yicai

(Yicai Global) Feb. 1 -- China's Caixin  Manufacturing Purchasing Managers' Index for January slid to its lowest  point since February 2016, indicating that business performance among  the country's small enterprises is below expectations and they remain in  contraction.

The PMI fell 1.3 point to 48.3, below an  expectation of 49.6. The reading marks the second consecutive month of a  reading below the 50-point threshold. 

The PMI, a widely watched indicator, is a survey of  businesses in a specific industry regarding the operating environment. A  reading above 50 signals expansion in the sector, while one below 50  represents contraction. 

The National Bureau of Statistics' official PMI reading was 49.5 in January, up 0.1 point on the month.

China has two key PMIs. The official PMI is run by  the state and comprises 3,000 companies, most of which are state-owned,  whereas the Caixin index, often known as the Caixin-Markit Index,  reaches out to 500 businesses which are generally smaller and privately  owned.

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Keywords:   Caixin Manufacturing PMI ,small enterprises